Roland Collet Fans

Design files for this project can be found here

The Roland MDX-540 that I’ve been working with gives great results when working with woods or plastics but less so when milling aluminum. While the Roland does have (barely) enough horsepower to cut through aluminum, the lack of chip clearing ends up being the limiting factor for the feed rate. While I normally use the Tormach P770 when working with metals, the Tormach lacks the nice fixturing table for mounting stock. Luckily for me, Roland provides a fan design for the NDC7S tool holder that I easily modified for a more secure fit on the collet nuts.

Milling accuracy is paramount for this design: the tolerances must be low enough to keep the spindle from becoming unbalanced. Since this design requires milling from both sides of the stock, achieving such accuracy is normally impossible without the use of a vise paired with an edge finder. The Roland has neither unfortunately since there is very little space to mount a vise and 1/4″ edge finders don’t seem to exist.

Using the fixturing table I made however, I was able to use the alignment pins to mount the stock such that the coordinates of a given corner (bottom upper left) is known both before and after flipping the stock. Measuring the thickness of the fins near the middle resulted in a variance of around 0.001″ across all three fans, well within acceptable tolerances. Tweaking the stock positioning to achieve this was difficult as there are a number of factors, from squareness of the stock to the amount of force used to press the stock against the alignment pins, any of which can easily throw the alignment off by a significant amount. The fans themselves are machined out of delrin, a strong but fairly expensive plastic that is excellent at holding dimensions and can be milled with ease.

Collet Fan in Action